William P. Hall



Current research and practice: organizational and individual knowledge

Computer literacy and word processing journalism

Evolutionary biology, cytogenetics, speciation and evolutionary epistemology

Current research and practice: organizational and individual knowledge


  1. Hall, W.P., Nousala, S., Best, R., Nair, S. 2012. Social networking tools for knowledge-based action groups. (in) Computational Social Networks - Part 2: Tools, Perspectives and Applications, (eds) Abraham, A., Hassanien, A.-E. Springer-Verlag, London, pp. 227-255, DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4471-4048-1_9.

  2. Hall, W.P., [Preview]. Application holy wars or a new reformation: A fugue on the theory of knowledge, 92 pp. [Presentation slides summarizing the content of a hypertext book nearing completion].


  1. Hall, W.P. 2011. Physical basis for the emergence of autopoiesis, cognition and knowledge. Kororoit Institute Working Papers No. 2: 1-63.

  2. Hall, W.P., Else, S., Martin, C., Philp, W. 2011. Time-based frameworks for valuing knowledge: maintaining strategic knowledge. Kororoit Institute Working Papers No. 1: 1-28.

  3. Hall, W.P., Kilpatrick, B. 2011. Managing community knowledge to build a better world. Australasian Conference on Information Systems (ACIS) 30th November - 2nd December, 2011, Sydney, Australia.

  4. Nousala, S., Hall, W.P., Hadgraft, R. 2011. Socio-technical systems for connecting social knowledge and the governance of urban action. 15th WMSCI, CENT Symposium, July 19-22, 2011, Orlando, Florida, USA.

  5. Nousala, S., Morris, A., Hall, W.P., Hadgraft, R. 2011. Do I know where I am going and why? Connecting Social Knowledge for Governance and Urban Action. Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics, and Informatics 9 (5), 65-76.

  6. Vines, R., Hall, W.P. 2011. Exploring the foundations of organizational knowledge. Kororoit Institute Working Papers No. 3: 1-39.

  7. Vines, R., Hall, W.P., McCarthy, G. 2011. Textual representations and knowledge support-systems in research intensive networks. (in) Cope, B., Kalantzis, M., Magee, L. (eds). Towards a Semantic Web: Connecting Knowledge in Academic Research. Oxford: Chandos Press, pp. 145-195.


  1. Hall, W.P., Nousala, S., Best, R. 2010. Free technology for the support of community action groups: theory, technology and practice. Knowledge Cities World Summit, 16-19, November 2010, Melbourne, Australia

  2. Hall, W.P., Best, R. 2010. Template for Knowledge Based Community Organizations. Google Sites.

  3. Nousala, S. Jamsai-Whyte. S., Hall, W.P. 2010. Tacit knowledge network development: the comparative analysis of knowledge threads in complex systems. Knowledge Cities World Summit, 16-19, November 2010, Melbourne, Australia.

  4. Hall, W.P., Nousala, S. 2010. Autopoiesis and knowledge in self-sustaining organizational systems. 4th International Multi-Conference on Society, Cybernetics and Informatics: IMSCI 2010, June 29th - July 2nd, 2010 – Orlando, Fla.

  5. Hall, W.P., Nousala, S. 2010. What is the value of peer review – some sociotechnical considerations. Second International Symposium on Peer Reviewing, ISPR 2010 June 29th - July 2nd, 2010 – Orlando, Florida, USA

  6. Hall, W.P., Nousala, S., Vines, R. 2010. Using Google’s apps for the collaborative construction, refinement and formalization of knowledge. ICOMP'10 - The 2010 International Conference on Internet Computing July 12-15, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA

  7. Hall, W.P. 2010. Chromosome variation, genomics, speciation and evolution in Seceloporus lizards. Cytogenetic and Genome Research (DOI:10.1159/000304050).


  1. Nousala, S., Miles, A., Kilpatrick, B., Hall, W.P. 2009. Building knowledge sharing communities using team expertise access maps (TEAM). International Journal of Business and Systems Research 3(3), 279-296.

  2. Hall, W.P., Nousala, S., Kilpatrick B. 2009. One company – two outcomes: knowledge integration vs corporate disintegration in the absence of knowledge management. VINE: The journal of information and knowledge management systems 39(3), 242-258.

  3. Martin, C.P., Philp, W., Hall, W.P. 2009. Temporal convergence for knowledge management. Australasian Journal of Information Systems 15(2), 133-148.


  1. Hall, W.P., Richards, G., Sarelius, C., Kilpatrick, B. 2008. Organisational management of project and technical knowledge over fleet lifecycles. Australian Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 5(2):81-95.

  2. Nousala, S., Hall, W.P. 2008 Emerging autopoietic communities – scalability of knowledge transfer in complex systems. First IFIP International Workshop on Distributed Knowledge Management (DKM 2008), Oct, 18-19, 2008, Shanghai.

  3. Hall, W.P. 2008. Presentations for 421-672 Management of Technological Enterprises - Managing Knowledge in Technological Enterprises, Masters in Engineering Management, University of Melbourne:


  1. Vines, R., Hall, W.P., Naismith L. 2007. Exploring the foundations of organisational knowledge: An emergent synthesis grounded in thinking related to evolutionary biology. actKM Conference, Australian National University, Canberra, 23-24 October 2007. [conference paper, 1.3 M; presentation, 6.8 M]

  2. Hall, W.P., Dalmaris, P., Else, S., Martin, C.P., Philp, W.R. 2007. Time value of knowledge: time-based frameworks for valuing knowledge. 10th Australian Conference for Knowledge Management and Intelligent Decision Support Melbourne, 10 – 11 December 2007. [249 KB]; (OASIS Seminar Presentation, Department of Information Systems, University of Melbourne, 27 July 2007) [presentation, 344 K]

  3. Hall, W.P. 2007. Managing lifecycles of complex projects. Government Transformation Journal, July 2007. Center for Public-Private Enterprise. [article, 470 K]

  4. Nousala, S., Hall, W.P., John, S. 2007. Transferring tacit knowledge in extended enterprises. IKE'07- The 2007 International Conference on Information and Knowledge Engineering, Las Vegas, Nevada, June 25-28, 2007.

  5. Vines, R, Hall, W.P. 2007. Riding the waves of technological convergence in the media publishing industries. Printers Post. [article, 470 K]

  6. Hall, W.P., Nousala, S. 2007. Facilitating emergence of an ICT industry cluster. ICE 2007 - 13th International Conference on Concurrent Enterprising - "Concurrent (Collaborative) Innovation", Sophia-Antipolis, France, 4-6 June 2007. [peer reviewed paper, 139 K, presentation, 117 K]

  7. Dalmaris, P., Tsui, E., Hall, W.P., Smith, B. 2007. A Framework for the improvement of knowledge-intensive business processes. Business Process Management Journal. 13(2): 279-305. [paper]


  1. Hall, W.P. 2006 Emergence and growth of knowledge and diversity in hierarchically complex living systems. Workshop "Selection, Self-Organization and Diversity CSIRO Centre for Complex Systems Science and ARC Complex Open Systems Network, Katoomba, NSW, Australia 17-18 May 2006. [Revision 4, 3 November 2006 - MS Word, 607 KB]; [workshop presentation]; [University of Melbourne Department of Information Sciences Research Seminar - 13 October 2006].

  2. Dalmaris, P., Hall, W.P., Philp, W. 2006. The time-value of knowledge: a temporal qualification of knowledge, its issues, and role in the improvement of knowledge intense business processes. KMAP 2006 The Third Asia-Pacific International Conference on Knowledge Management. Hong Kong, Dec. 11-13, 2006.

  3. Hall, W.P. 2006. Forming new ICT industry clusters in Victoria. Australian Centre for Science, Innovation and Society. Occasional Paper No. 1. 35 pp.

  4. Hall, W.P. 2006. Tools extending human and organizational cognition: revolutionary tools and cognitive revolutions. Sixth International Conference on Knowledge, Culture and Change in Organisations, Prato, Italy, 11-14 July 2006. International Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Change Management 6, 10 pp.    [peer reviewed paper, 178 K]

  5. Hall, W. P . 2006. KM university. Inside Knowledge (Ark Group) 9(7): 12-13. [magazine editorial]

  6. Hall, W.P., Richards, G., Sarelius, C., Kilpatrick, B. 2006. Organizational management of project and technical knowledge over fleet lifecycles. Proceedings, World Congress on Engineering Asset Management, Gold Coast, Queensland, 11-14 July 2006. [peer reviewed paper, 229 K]

  7. Mo, J.P.T., Zhou, M. Anticev, J., Nemes, L., Jones, M., Hall, W.P. 2006. A study on the logistics and performance of a real ‘virtual enterprise’. International Journal of Business Performance Management 8(2/3): 152-169. [peer reviewed paper, 549 K]


  1. Hall, W.P., Dalmaris, P., Nousala, S. 2005. A biological theory of knowledge and applications to real world organizations. Proceedings, KMAP05 Knowledge Management in Asia Pacific Wellington, N.Z. 28-29 November 2005. [peer reviewed paper, 592 K]

  2. Nousala, S., Miles, A., Kilpatrick, B., Hall, W.P. 2005. Building knowledge sharing communities using team expertise access maps (TEAM). Proceedings, KMAP05 Knowledge Management in Asia Pacific Wellington, N.Z. 28-29 November 2005. [peer reviewed paper, 1.1 M].

  3. Hall, W.P. 2005. Towards a science of knowledge. Seminar presentation. University of Technology Sydney, 27 July 2005. [presentation, 742 K]

  4. Hall, W.P., Richards, G., Sarelius, C. 2005. Implementing defence documentation standards in fully controlled engineering management environments. OpenPublish 2005. 5th Annual Conference for Standards in Publishing, Sydney - July 27-29, 2005. [presentation, 1.3 M]

  5. Hall, W.P. 2005. Biological nature of knowledge in the learning organization. in special issue Doing Knowledge Management, eds. Firestone, J.M. and McElroy, M.W. The Learning Organization  12(2):169-188. [peer reviewed paper, 187 KB]


  1. Hall, W.P. and Brouwers, P. 2004. The CMIS solution for Tenix's M113 program. MatrixOne Innovation Summit. Shangri-La's Rasa Sentosa Resort, Singapore, 12 - 14 August, 2004. [presentation 2.6 M]

  2. Hall, W.P. and Brouwers, P. 2004. PDM experiences in an Australian Prime Contractor. SPIDER - STEP in Defence Engineering - Workshop Series Two. Melbourne, Adelaide, Sydney, Australia 10-12 August 2004. - http://www.ausdec.com.au/WS2_07_SPIDER%20Workshops_Tenix_PDM_rev.pdf [presentation]

  3. Hall, W.P;  Fraser, R; Zhou, M. 2004. Knowledge management: Managing complex engineering knowledge in a distributed enterprise. Systems Engineering Society of Australia - Victorian Chapter Event. 27 July 2004. - [download presentations]

  4. Hall, W.P. 2004. New paradigms for organic knowledge management. Research Seminar. Faculty of Information Technology. University of Sydney, 30 July 2004. In 4 parts: Introduction, Tenix background, Theory of knowledge for individuals and organizations, Tenix Defence's technologies.


  1. Sykes, M. Hall, W. P. 2003. Generating fleet support knowledge from data and information. Australian Conference for Knowledge Management & Intelligent Decision Support ACKMIDS 2003 Melbourne, Australia, 11 and 12 December 2. [peer reviewed paper, 886 K and presentation].

  2. Hall, W.P. 2003. Looking to the future: The role of XML in technical communication and knowledge management. Proceedings. Focus On Users - The New Zealand Conference for Technical Communicators, Thursday 4 and Friday 5 September, 2003, Auckland, New Zealand. [presentation].

  3. Hall, W.P. 2003. Working towards biologically based theories of organization and knowledge to understand how organizations work best. Joint Lunchtime Seminar, 08/09/03, Rutherford House, Wellington. New Zealand Knowledge Management Network and Government Information Systems Forum. [presentation, 1.4 M]

  4. Hall, W.P. 2003. Organisational autopoiesis and knowledge management. Presented, ISD '03 Twelfth International Conference on Information Systems Development - Methods & Tools, Theory & Practice, Melbourne, Australia, 25 - 27 August, 2003 [copyright retained, peer reviewed paper, 106 K]

  5. Owen, Jillian; Burstein, Frada; Hall, William P. 2003. Knowledge reuse in project management. Proceedings - ISD '03 Twelfth International Conference on Information Systems Development - Methods & Tools, Theory & Practice, Melbourne, Australia, 25 - 27 August, 2003 [ eprint available on request ]

  6. Hall, W.P. 2003. Productivity tools for knowledge workers. The Conference Board Asia-Pacific Learning & Knowledge Management Council Meeting, April 9-11, 2003, Park Hyatt Hotel, Melbourne. [presentation]

  7. Sussman, Jeff; Hall, Bill; Burstein, Frada. 2003. Knowledge management stakes - A marathon, sprint or decathlon. Proceedings, Standards Australia, KM Challenge Conference held in Melbourne on 3-4 April 2003 [ eprint available on request ].

  8. Hall, W.P. 2003. Managing maintenance knowledge in the context of large engineering projects - Theory and case study. Journal of Information and Knowledge Management, Vol. 2, No. 2 [Corrected version reprinted in Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 1-17]. [peer reviewed paper, 794 K]


  1. Hall, W.P., Jones, M., Zhou, M., Anticev, J., Zheng, J., Mo, J. & Nemes L. 2002. Document-based knowledge management in global engineering and manufacturing projects. Proceedings of the Globemen Plenary Meeting No. 6. 8-13 December 2002, Helsinki, Finland.  [peer reviewed paper, 239 K].

  2. Hall, W.P., Beer, J. & McCauley, B. 2002. Improving the quality of fleet/facility support knowledge. Proceedings of the Australian Conference for Knowledge Management & Intelligent Decision Support, ACKMIDS 2002 Melbourne, Australia, 9-10 December 2002. in Burstein F and Linger H. (2003). The Role of Quality in Knowledge Management, pp.155-171 [peer reviewed paper, 250 K]

  3. Hall, W.P. 2002. A technology architecture for managing explicit knowledge over the entire lifecycle of large and complex projects. Ark Group Intranet Content Management. Sydney, 20-21 November 2002. [workshop presentation]

  4. Zhou, M., Mo, J., Nemes, L., & Hall, W. 2002. Knowledge Management in Bid Preparation for Global Engineering and Manufacturing Projects. Proceedings, DIISM2002 The 5th International Conference on Design of Information Infrastructure Systems for Manufacturing 2002. November 18- 20, 2002, Osaka University, Japan. Kluwer, [peer reviewed paper].

  5. Hall, W.P., & McFie, K. 2002. A fleet (or asset) lifecycle knowledge management architecture. Proceedings, ActKM Forum. Third Annual Conference 22 October 2002 Rydges Lakeside Canberra. [presentation, 530 K]

  6. Hall, W.P. Beer, J., & McFie, K. 2002. Managing maintenance to reduce life-cycle costs for a multi-national fleet of warships. Proceedings. International Maintenance Management Conference, 29-30 August, 2002, Gold Coast, Queensland [presentation, 400 K]


  1. Hall, W.P. 2001. Writing and managing maintenance procedures for a class of warships: A case for structured authoring and content management. May 2001 issue of Technical Communication, the professional journal of the Society for Technical Communication. [peer reviewed paper, 569 K]

  2. Hall, W.P. 2001. Content management in a defence prime contracting environment: Present and future. Open Publish 2001 - Sydney, 31/7- 2/8, - http://www.binarything.com/binarything/openpublish/OpenPublish2001a.pdf. [presentation]

  3. Hall, W.P. 2001. How Melbourne is contributing to the contracts standards effort. Legal XML & Electronic Filing: The Australian Focus. (A joint conference between the AIJA and VSCL) - Melbourne, 25/10/2001. [Presentation, 701 K. AIJA is the Australian Institute of Judicial Administration and VSCL is the Victorian Society for Computers in the Law]. 


  1. Hall, W.P. 2000. Structured management of maintenance documentation. XML Asia-Pacific 2000 - Sydney, 31/10-3/11/2000. [presentation]

  2. Hall, W.P. 2000. Managing technical documentation for large defence projects: Engineering corporate knowledge.  in Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Design of Information Infrastructure Systems for Manufacturing 2000 - Melbourne, 15-17/11/2000. International Federation for Information Processing, Kluwer Academic Publishers. [ eprint available on request ]

  3. Hall, W.P. 2000. Paperless Contracting: from Concept Development to Capability Deployment., LegalXML/Australia Contract Standards Face-to-Face Meeting - Sydney 12/12/200. - http://www.kku.ac.th/chugra/xml/PaperlessLegalDA5.pdf. [presentation]


  1. Hall, W.P. 1998. When a good business case alone isn't enough to get SGML into your corporate strategy. SGML/XML Asia Pacific '98, Sydney. [presentation, 333 K]

Computer literacy and word processing journalism

  1. Hall, W.P. 1985. Dr Hall's computer comments. School Computer Literacy, July/September, pp. 7-12.

  2. Hall, W.P. 1985a. Dr Hall's computer comments. International Computer Literacy, July/September, pp. 7-9.

  3. Hall, W.P. 1984. Five CP/M word processing packages: Introduction and WordStar. Australian Microcomputer Magazine. 1(10): 28-36.

  4. Hall, W.P. 1984a. Five CP/M word processing packages: Select. Australian Micro Computerworld. February, pp. 42-50.

  5. Hall, W.P. 1984b. Five CP/M word processing packages: Spellbinder. Australian Micro Computerworld. February, pp. 76-88.

  6. Hall, W.P. 1984c. Five CP/M word processing packages: PerfectWriter and The Final Word. Australian Micro Computerworld. pp. 49-62.

  7. Hall, W.P. 1984d. [Word]Perfect is excellent. Australian PC World. August, pp. 62-69.

  8. Hall, W.P. 1984e. From the Editor's console. Computerisation Quarterly. October/December, pp. 3-9.

  9. Hall, W.P. 1984f. From the Editor's console. International Computer Commentaries. October/December: ...

Evolutionary biology, cytogenetics, speciation and evolutionary epistemology

  1. Hall, W.P. 2010. Chromosome variation, genomics, speciation and evolution in Seceloporus lizards. Cytogenetics and Genome Research (DOI:10.1159/000304050).

  2. Hall, W.P. 1983. Modes of speciation and evolution in the sceloporine iguanid lizards. I. Epistemology of the comparative approach and introduction to the problem. (in) A.G.J. Rhodin and K. Miyata, eds. Advances in Herpetology and Evolutionary Biology - Essays in Honor of Ernest E Williams. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge Mass. pp.643-679. PDF version; HTML version.

  3. Hall, W.P. 1980. Chromosomes, speciation, and evolution of Mexican iguanid lizards. National Geographic Society Research Reports, 12: 309-329.

  4. Hall, W.P. and H.M. Smith. 1979. Lizards of the Sceloporus orcutti complex of the Cape Region of Baja California. Brevioria Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard, No. 452, 26 p.

  5. Hall, W.P. [1979] . An Evolutionist in an Epistemological Wonderland: Preface (1979) to Cascades and Sinks. [Accepted for publication in Evolutionary Theory with minor revisions, but not completed. Not published.  Note: this paper describes the initial difficulties with my 1977 Hybrid Sinks paper, their basis in epistemology and the history of science, and formed the basis for my more complete 1983 paper in the E.E. Williams Festschrift volume.]

  6. Szymura, J.M, J.B. Mitton and W.P. Hall . [1979]. Population Genetic Analysis of a Narrow Hybrid Zone Between Bombina bombina L. and B. variegata L. (Anura; Discoglossidae) In Poland. 85p.  [Not completed: eprint available on request . Request must specify reasons wanted.]

  7. Hall, W.P. 1978. Hybrid sinks: The paradoxical role of narrow hybrid zones as barriers to gene flow in animals of limited vagility. Abstr., 25th Ann. Meeting, Genetics Society of Australia, Canberra.

  8. Szymura, J.M., J.B. Mitton and W.P. Hall. 1978. Population genetic analysis of a narrow hybrid zone between the discoglossid anurans Bombina bombina and B. variegata in Poland. [Poster] Abstr. 25th Ann. Meeting, Genetics Society of Australia, Canberra.

  9. Hall, W.P. 1978. Chromosomal variation and modes of speciation in Iguanid lizards. Abstr. 1978 Ann. Meeting, Australian Society of Herpetologists, Mintaro, S.A.

  10. Hall, W.P. 1978a . Hybrid sinks: a simple minded model to account for the seemingly paradoxical role of parapatric hybrid zones as barriers to gene flow in the process of speciation, with some comments on the inutility of the biological species concept based on reproductive isolation. Symposium: A day for talking about hybrid zones. August 30, 1978. Flinders University School of Biological Sciences.

  11. Gross, L and W.P. Hall. 1978. Cytosystematics of Australian skinks: A preliminary report. Abstr. 1978 Ann. Meeting, Australian Society of Herpetologists, Mintaro, S.A.

  12. Hall, W.P. [1977]. Cascading chromosomal speciation and the paradoxical role of contact hybridization as a barrier to gene flow. Submitted 1977 to Evol. Biology and withdrawn. Submitted in 1979 to Evolutionary Theory and accepted for publication with minor changes, but not completed. Widely circulated in its unpublished form, 91 pp. [Currently prepared for on the Web. Note: Reviewers consistently failed to understand the logic I used to develop arguments in this paper, which in turn lead to my research into the epistemology of the comparative method in evolutionary biology, published in Hall, 1979 and Hall, 1983.]

  13. Paull, D., E.E. Williams and W.P. Hall. 1976. Lizard karyotypes from the Galapagos Islands: chromosomes in phylogeny and evolution. Breviora Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard, no. 441, 31p. [I wrote the paper and most of it was based on my work, Paull was listed as first author for political reasons}.

  14. Smith, H.M. and T. Alvarez. 1976. Possible intraspecific sympatry in the lizard species Sceloporus torquatus, and its relationship with S. cyanogenys. Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. 77: 219-224. [S. t. mikeprestoni, n. ssp., based on a specimen from my karyology sent to Smith as an undescribed species.]

  15. Hall, W.P. and A. Espinoza-N. 1974. Karyotypes and karyotypic variation in Jamaican anoles. 2 pp. (in) E.E. Williams (ed.), The Second Anolis Newsletter, Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard Univ., Cambridge, Mass.

  16. Smith, H.M. and W.P. Hall. 1974. Contributions to the concepts of reproductive cycles and the systematics of the scalaris group of the lizard genus Sceloporus. Great Basin Naturalist 34: 97-104.

  17. Dasmann, M. and H.M. Smith. 1974. A new sceloporine lizard from Oaxaca, Mexico. Great Basin Naturalist 34: 231-273. [S. pictus lumped with S. megalepidurus based on my collections of intergrades. S. m. halli named after me]

  18. Hall, W.P. and R.K. Selander. 1973. Hybridization of karyotypically differentiated populations in the Sceloporus grammicus complex (Iguanidae). Evolution 27: 226-242.

  19. Hall, W.P. 1973. Comparative population cytogenetics, speciation and evolution of the iguanid lizard genus Sceloporus. PhD Thesis, Harvard University [linked PDF version - 5,102 KB; HTML version]

  20. Hall, W.P. 1972a. Chromosome evolution of the iguanid genus Sceloporus. Herpetol. Rev. 3: 106.

  21. Hall, W.P. 1972b. Comparative population cytogenetics and the evolution of Sceloporus, Washington D.C. meeting of the Herpetologists' League, December, 1972.

  22. Webster, T.P., W.P. Hall, and E.E. Williams. 1972. Fission in the evolution of a lizard karyotype. Science 177: 6111-613.

  23. Hall, W.P. 1971. Karyotype evolution in the Sceloporus grammicus species complex (Sauria, Iguanidae). Mammal. Chromosome Newsl. no. 13, p. 74.

  24. Hall, W.P.. 1970. Three probable cases of parthenogenesis in lizards (Agamidae, Chamaeleontidae, Gekkonidae). Experentia 26: 1271-1273. 

  25. Hall, W.P. 1969. Triploidy and parthenogenesis in the agamid lizard Leiolepis belliana Gray. Abstr. 49th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, p. 13.

  26. Hall, W.P.. 1969a. Sibling species of Sceloporus from the southern end of Baja California. Paper given at the Annual Meeting of the Herpetologists League, Boston, Mass.

  27. Hall, W.P. [1966]. Is the Plastid an Endosymbiont. 26 pp. [The manuscript was first submitted in Hampton L. Carson's Genetics and Evolution course at Washington University, St. Louis., May 3, 1966. It was revised Summer, 1966, in hopes of finding a sponsor for its publication. It was shown at the cell biology meetings in Ames, Iowa, with no result, and has not been updated since. The 1966 MS has now been converted to HTML for publication on the Web. The paper is historically important because one of the first anywhere to present comprehensive evidence in support of the theory that the cellular structure of single-celled algae arose from a symbiotic association between a non-photosynthetic protozoan and blue-green algae - a thesis that is now accepted by most biologists but was highly revolutionary when it was first made famous by Lynn Margulis in her 1968 article in Science (161:1020-2) and her 1970 book, Origin of Eukaryotic Cells, Yale Univ. Press.

  28. Hall, W.P. 1965. Preliminary chromosome studies of some Nevada Test Site lizards. Paper given at the Annual Meeting of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, Lawrence, Kansas.

  29. Misrahy, G.A., Hardwick, D.F., Brooks, C.J., Garwood, V.P., Hall, W.P. 1962. Bone, bone marrow, and brain oxygen. Amer. J. Physiol. 202: 225-231.


Book-length hypertext under the working title: Application Holy Wars or a New Reformation: a Fugue on the Theory of Knowledge . combines my backgrounds:

The concept of the work is to explore the evolution of human cognition and the impacts of technological revolutions on cognition as cognitive processes have been accelerated from those purely depending on neuroanatomy determined by our genetic inheritance, to the use of tools to assist cognition that have been transmitted culturally, to technologies that actually extend cognition beyond our organic capabilities.

During the 2001/2002 holiday period, I took two months accumulated leave to "finish" the work. I thought the episode on organizational knowledge management would be easy to write because I had some very firm ideas as to how the subject should be approached from my decades of experience collecting and managing knowledge for organization. What I found when I began to dig into the academic and professional literature on organizational knowledge management proved to be (for me) a nearly incomprehensible chaos of competing and disjointed paradigms in epistemology (objective vs personal knowledge), organization theory (resource view vs environment view), how to analyze knowledge in the organization (individual view vs social view vs critical and alternative views) and how organizations create knowledge (cognitivism vs connectionism vs autopoiesis) amongst others. I clearly could not complete the work as planned without making enough sense of the differing paradigms so I could compare these views with my own, and I could not do this without access to a major academic research library and knowledge management research centre.

In 2002 I joined Monash University's School of Information Management and Systems as an Honorary Fellow to research the theory of organizational knowledge management. In 2005 I moved to the University of Melbourne to continue the work as a National Fellow in the Australian Centre for Science, Innovation and Society and in the Engineering Learning Unit of the Melbourne School of Engineering. As I delved deeper into the literature, it became clear that before the book could be finished that I would have to reinvent both organization theory and the theory of organizational knowledge. In this work the application of biological concepts of evolution and cognition to organizational entities is very much more than just a metaphor.

Organizations clearly have the property of "life" and "cognition" in a way that transcends the lives of their individual members; and the life sciences thus help to clarify many aspects of organization that should be of interest to those who think they manage or own organizations. Many of the ideas and concepts of the evolution of cognition and organizational biology are not original with me, and my discoveries of these ideas in my own thinking have certainly been modified and reshaped as I found them in earlier sources. However, I believe that I am the first to present them from a genuine background in evolutionary biology. The intellectual forebears of the biological approach presented here include the following seminal works:

This work has generated a number of academic papers and presentations (cited above under "Current research and practice: organizational and individual knowledge"), with several more major papers in progress. These will have to be finished before I return to finish the book project..