William P. Hall
PUBLICATIONS and PRESENTATIONS
Current research and
practice: organizational and individual knowledge
- Hall, W.P., Nousala, S., Best, R., Nair, S. 2012. Social
networking tools for knowledge-based action groups. (in) Computational
Social Networks - Part 2: Tools, Perspectives and Applications, (eds)
Abraham, A., Hassanien, A.-E. Springer-Verlag, London, pp. 227-255, DOI:
- Hall, W.P., [Preview]. Application
holy wars or a new reformation: A fugue on the theory of knowledge, 92
pp. [Presentation slides summarizing the content of a hypertext book
- Hall, W.P. 2011. Physical
basis for the emergence of autopoiesis, cognition and knowledge.
Kororoit Institute Working Papers No. 2: 1-63.
- Hall, W.P., Else, S., Martin, C., Philp, W. 2011. Time-based
frameworks for valuing knowledge: maintaining strategic knowledge.
Kororoit Institute Working Papers No. 1: 1-28.
- Hall, W.P., Kilpatrick, B. 2011. Managing community knowledge to build a better world.
Australasian Conference on Information Systems (ACIS) 30th November - 2nd
December, 2011, Sydney, Australia.
- Nousala, S., Hall, W.P., Hadgraft, R. 2011. Socio-technical
systems for connecting social knowledge and the governance of urban
action. 15th WMSCI, CENT Symposium, July 19-22, 2011, Orlando, Florida,
- Nousala, S., Morris, A., Hall, W.P., Hadgraft, R. 2011. Do
I know where I am going and why? Connecting Social Knowledge for Governance
and Urban Action. Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics, and Informatics 9
- Vines, R., Hall, W.P. 2011. Exploring
the foundations of organizational knowledge. Kororoit Institute Working
Papers No. 3: 1-39.
- Vines, R., Hall, W.P., McCarthy, G. 2011. Textual representations and knowledge support-systems in
research intensive networks. (in) Cope, B., Kalantzis, M., Magee, L.
(eds). Towards a Semantic Web: Connecting Knowledge in Academic Research.
Oxford: Chandos Press, pp. 145-195.
- Hall, W.P., Nousala, S., Best, R. 2010. Free technology for the support of community action groups:
theory, technology and practice. Knowledge Cities World Summit, 16-19,
November 2010, Melbourne, Australia
- Hall, W.P., Best, R. 2010. Template for Knowledge Based Community Organizations.
- Nousala, S. Jamsai-Whyte. S., Hall, W.P. 2010. Tacit knowledge
network development: the comparative analysis of knowledge threads in
complex systems. Knowledge Cities World Summit, 16-19, November 2010,
- Hall, W.P., Nousala, S. 2010. Autopoiesis
and knowledge in self-sustaining organizational systems. 4th
International Multi-Conference on Society, Cybernetics and Informatics:
IMSCI 2010, June 29th - July 2nd, 2010 – Orlando, Fla.
- Hall, W.P., Nousala, S. 2010. What is the value of peer review – some sociotechnical
considerations. Second International Symposium on Peer Reviewing, ISPR
2010 June 29th - July 2nd, 2010 – Orlando, Florida, USA
- Hall, W.P., Nousala, S., Vines, R. 2010. Using
Google’s apps for the collaborative construction, refinement and
formalization of knowledge. ICOMP'10 - The 2010 International
Conference on Internet Computing July 12-15, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
- Hall, W.P. 2010. Chromosome variation, genomics, speciation and evolution in
Seceloporus lizards. Cytogenetic and Genome Research
- Nousala, S., Miles, A., Kilpatrick, B., Hall, W.P. 2009. Building
knowledge sharing communities using team expertise access maps (TEAM).
International Journal of Business and Systems Research 3(3), 279-296.
- Hall, W.P., Nousala, S., Kilpatrick B. 2009. One
company – two outcomes: knowledge integration vs corporate
disintegration in the absence of knowledge management. VINE: The
journal of information and knowledge management systems 39(3), 242-258.
- Martin, C.P., Philp, W., Hall, W.P. 2009. Temporal
convergence for knowledge management. Australasian Journal of
Information Systems 15(2), 133-148.
- Hall, W.P., Richards, G., Sarelius, C., Kilpatrick, B. 2008. Organisational management of project and technical knowledge
over fleet lifecycles. Australian Journal of Mechanical Engineering.
- Nousala, S., Hall, W.P. 2008 Emerging autopoietic communities – scalability of
knowledge transfer in complex systems. First IFIP International
Workshop on Distributed Knowledge Management (DKM 2008), Oct, 18-19, 2008,
- Hall, W.P. 2008. Presentations for 421-672 Management of Technological
Enterprises - Managing Knowledge in Technological Enterprises, Masters in
Engineering Management, University of Melbourne:
- Vines, R., Hall, W.P., Naismith L. 2007. Exploring the foundations of organisational knowledge: An
emergent synthesis grounded in thinking related to evolutionary
biology. actKM Conference, Australian National University, Canberra,
23-24 October 2007. [conference paper, 1.3 M; presentation, 6.8 M]
- Hall, W.P., Dalmaris, P., Else, S., Martin, C.P., Philp, W.R. 2007. Time value of knowledge: time-based frameworks for valuing
knowledge. 10th Australian Conference for Knowledge Management and
Intelligent Decision Support Melbourne, 10 – 11 December 2007. [249
Seminar Presentation, Department of Information Systems, University of
Melbourne, 27 July 2007) [presentation, 344 K]
- Hall, W.P. 2007. Managing
lifecycles of complex projects. Government Transformation Journal, July
2007. Center for Public-Private
Enterprise. [article, 470 K]
- Nousala, S., Hall, W.P., John, S. 2007. Transferring tacit knowledge in extended enterprises.
IKE'07- The 2007 International Conference on Information and Knowledge
Engineering, Las Vegas, Nevada, June 25-28, 2007.
- Vines, R, Hall, W.P. 2007. Riding
the waves of technological convergence in the media publishing
industries. Printers Post.
[article, 470 K]
- Hall, W.P., Nousala, S. 2007. Facilitating
emergence of an ICT industry cluster. ICE 2007 - 13th International
Conference on Concurrent Enterprising - "Concurrent (Collaborative)
Innovation", Sophia-Antipolis, France, 4-6 June 2007. [peer reviewed paper,
139 K, presentation,
P., Tsui, E., Hall, W.P., Smith, B. 2007. A
Framework for the improvement of knowledge-intensive business
processes. Business Process Management Journal. 13(2): 279-305. [paper]
- Hall, W.P. 2006 Emergence
and growth of knowledge and diversity in hierarchically complex living
systems. Workshop "Selection, Self-Organization and Diversity CSIRO
Centre for Complex Systems Science and ARC Complex Open Systems Network,
Katoomba, NSW, Australia 17-18 May 2006. [Revision 4, 3 November 2006 - MS
Word, 607 KB]; [workshop
of Melbourne Department of Information Sciences Research Seminar - 13
- Dalmaris, P., Hall, W.P., Philp, W. 2006. The
time-value of knowledge: a temporal qualification of knowledge, its issues,
and role in the improvement of knowledge intense business processes.
KMAP 2006 The Third Asia-Pacific International Conference on Knowledge
Management. Hong Kong, Dec. 11-13, 2006.
- Hall, W.P. 2006. Forming
new ICT industry clusters in Victoria. Australian Centre for Science,
Innovation and Society. Occasional Paper No. 1. 35 pp.
- Hall, W.P. 2006. Tools
extending human and organizational cognition: revolutionary tools and
cognitive revolutions. Sixth International Conference on Knowledge,
Culture and Change in Organisations, Prato, Italy, 11-14 July 2006.
International Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Change Management 6, 10
pp. [peer reviewed paper, 178 K]
- Hall, W. P . 2006. KM university. Inside Knowledge (Ark Group) 9(7): 12-13.
- Hall, W.P., Richards, G., Sarelius, C., Kilpatrick, B. 2006. Organizational
management of project and technical knowledge over fleet lifecycles.
Proceedings, World Congress on Engineering Asset Management, Gold Coast,
Queensland, 11-14 July 2006. [peer reviewed paper, 229 K]
J.P.T., Zhou, M. Anticev, J., Nemes, L., Jones, M., Hall, W.P. 2006. A
study on the logistics and performance of a real ‘virtual
enterprise’. International Journal of Business Performance
Management 8(2/3): 152-169. [peer reviewed paper, 549 K]
- Hall, W.P.,
Dalmaris, P., Nousala, S. 2005. A
biological theory of knowledge and applications to real world
organizations. Proceedings, KMAP05 Knowledge Management in Asia Pacific
Wellington, N.Z. 28-29 November 2005. [peer reviewed paper, 592 K]
- Nousala, S.,
Miles, A., Kilpatrick, B., Hall, W.P. 2005. Building
knowledge sharing communities using team expertise access maps (TEAM).
Proceedings, KMAP05 Knowledge Management in Asia Pacific Wellington, N.Z.
28-29 November 2005. [peer reviewed paper, 1.1 M].
- Hall, W.P. 2005.
a science of knowledge. Seminar presentation. University of Technology
Sydney, 27 July 2005. [presentation, 742 K]
- Hall, W.P.,
Richards, G., Sarelius, C. 2005. Implementing
defence documentation standards in fully controlled engineering management
environments. OpenPublish 2005. 5th Annual Conference for Standards in
Publishing, Sydney - July 27-29, 2005. [presentation, 1.3 M]
- Hall, W.P.
nature of knowledge in the learning organization. in special
issue Doing Knowledge Management, eds. Firestone, J.M. and McElroy,
M.W. The Learning Organization 12(2):169-188. [peer reviewed paper, 187
- Hall, W.P. and
Brouwers, P. 2004. The
CMIS solution for Tenix's M113 program. MatrixOne Innovation Summit.
Shangri-La's Rasa Sentosa Resort, Singapore, 12 - 14 August, 2004.
[presentation 2.6 M]
- Hall, W.P. and Brouwers,
P. 2004. PDM experiences in an Australian Prime Contractor. SPIDER -
STEP in Defence Engineering - Workshop Series Two. Melbourne, Adelaide,
Sydney, Australia 10-12 August 2004. - http://www.ausdec.com.au/WS2_07_SPIDER%20Workshops_Tenix_PDM_rev.pdf
- Hall, W.P; Fraser, R;
Zhou, M. 2004. Knowledge management: Managing complex engineering
knowledge in a distributed enterprise. Systems Engineering Society of
Australia - Victorian Chapter Event. 27 July 2004. - [download
- Hall, W.P. 2004. New paradigms for organic
knowledge management. Research Seminar. Faculty of Information Technology.
University of Sydney, 30 July 2004. In 4 parts: Introduction,
of knowledge for individuals and organizations, Tenix
- Sykes, M. Hall, W. P. 2003. Generating
fleet support knowledge from data and information. Australian
Conference for Knowledge Management & Intelligent Decision Support
ACKMIDS 2003 Melbourne, Australia, 11 and 12 December 2. [peer reviewed
paper, 886 K and presentation].
- Hall, W.P. 2003. Looking to the
future: The role of XML in technical communication and knowledge
management. Proceedings. Focus On Users - The New Zealand Conference for
Technical Communicators, Thursday 4 and Friday 5 September, 2003, Auckland,
New Zealand. [presentation].
- Hall, W.P. 2003. Working
towards biologically based theories of organization and knowledge to
understand how organizations work best. Joint Lunchtime Seminar,
08/09/03, Rutherford House, Wellington. New Zealand Knowledge Management
Network and Government Information Systems Forum. [presentation, 1.4 M]
- Hall, W.P. 2003. Organisational
autopoiesis and knowledge management. Presented, ISD '03 Twelfth
International Conference on Information Systems Development - Methods &
Tools, Theory & Practice, Melbourne, Australia, 25 - 27 August, 2003
[copyright retained, peer reviewed paper, 106 K]
Jillian; Burstein, Frada; Hall, William P. 2003. Knowledge reuse in
project management. Proceedings - ISD '03 Twelfth International Conference
on Information Systems Development - Methods & Tools, Theory &
Practice, Melbourne, Australia, 25 - 27 August, 2003 [eprint available on request
- Hall, W.P. 2003. Productivity
tools for knowledge workers. The Conference Board Asia-Pacific Learning
& Knowledge Management Council Meeting, April 9-11, 2003, Park Hyatt
Hotel, Melbourne. [presentation]
- Sussman, Jeff;
Hall, Bill; Burstein, Frada. 2003. Knowledge management stakes - A
marathon, sprint or decathlon. Proceedings, Standards Australia, KM
Challenge Conference held in Melbourne on 3-4 April 2003 [eprint available on request
- Hall, W.P. 2003. Managing
maintenance knowledge in the context of large engineering projects - Theory
and case study. Journal of Information and Knowledge Management, Vol.
2, No. 2 [Corrected version reprinted in Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 1-17]. [peer
reviewed paper, 794 K]
W.P., Jones, M., Zhou, M., Anticev, J., Zheng, J., Mo, J. & Nemes L.
knowledge management in global engineering and manufacturing projects.
Proceedings of the Globemen Plenary Meeting No. 6. 8-13 December 2002,
Helsinki, Finland. [peer reviewed paper, 239 K].
- Hall, W.P.,
Beer, J. & McCauley, B. 2002. Improving
the quality of fleet/facility support knowledge. Proceedings of the
Australian Conference for Knowledge Management & Intelligent Decision
Support, ACKMIDS 2002 Melbourne, Australia, 9-10 December 2002. in Burstein
F and Linger H. (2003). The Role of Quality in Knowledge Management,
pp.155-171 [peer reviewed paper, 250 K]
- Hall, W.P. 2002. A
technology architecture for managing explicit knowledge over the entire
lifecycle of large and complex projects. Ark Group Intranet Content
Management. Sydney, 20-21 November 2002. [workshop presentation]
- Zhou, M., Mo,
J., Nemes, L., & Hall, W. 2002. Knowledge Management in Bid
Preparation for Global Engineering and Manufacturing Projects. Proceedings,
DIISM2002 The 5th International Conference on Design of Information
Infrastructure Systems for Manufacturing 2002. November 18- 20, 2002, Osaka
University, Japan. Kluwer, [peer reviewed paper].
- Hall, W.P., & McFie,
K. 2002. A
fleet (or asset) lifecycle knowledge management architecture.
Proceedings, ActKM Forum. Third Annual Conference 22 October 2002 Rydges
Lakeside Canberra. [presentation, 530 K]
- Hall, W.P. Beer,
J., & McFie, K. 2002. Managing
maintenance to reduce life-cycle costs for a multi-national fleet of
warships. Proceedings. International Maintenance Management Conference,
29-30 August, 2002, Gold Coast, Queensland [presentation, 400 K]
- Hall, W.P. 2001. Writing
and managing maintenance procedures for a class of warships: A case for
structured authoring and content management. May 2001 issue of
Technical Communication, the professional journal of the Society for
Technical Communication. [peer reviewed paper, 569 K]
- Hall, W.P. 2001. Content
management in a defence prime contracting environment: Present and
future. Open Publish 2001 - Sydney, 31/7- 2/8. [presentation]
- Hall, W.P. 2001. How
Melbourne is contributing to the contracts standards effort. Legal XML
& Electronic Filing: The Australian Focus. (A joint conference between
the AIJA and VSCL) - Melbourne, 25/10/2001. [Presentation, 701 K. AIJA is
the Australian Institute of Judicial Administration and VSCL is the
Victorian Society for Computers in the Law].
- Hall, W.P. 2000. Structured
management of maintenance documentation. XML Asia-Pacific 2000 -
Sydney, 31/10-3/11/2000. [presentation]
- Hall, W.P. 2000. Managing technical
documentation for large defence projects: Engineering corporate knowledge.
in Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Design of Information
Infrastructure Systems for Manufacturing 2000 - Melbourne, 15-17/11/2000.
International Federation for Information Processing, Kluwer Academic
Publishers. [eprint available
on request ]
- Hall, W.P. 2000. Paperless Contracting:
from Concept Development to Capability Deployment. LegalXML/Australia
Contract Standards Face-to-Face Meeting - Sydney 12/12/200.
- Hall, W.P. 1998. When
a good business case alone isn't enough to get SGML into your corporate
strategy. SGML/XML Asia Pacific '98, Sydney. [presentation, 333 K]
Computer literacy and word
- Hall, W.P. 1985. Dr
Hall's computer comments. School Computer Literacy, July/September, pp.
- Hall, W.P. 1985a. Dr
Hall's computer comments. International Computer Literacy,
July/September, pp. 7-9.
- Hall, W.P. 1984. Five
CP/M word processing packages: Introduction and WordStar. Australian
Microcomputer Magazine. 1(10): 28-36.
- Hall, W.P. 1984a. Five CP/M word
processing packages: Select. Australian Micro Computerworld. February, pp.
- Hall, W.P. 1984b. Five CP/M word
processing packages: Spellbinder. Australian Micro Computerworld. February,
- Hall, W.P. 1984c. Five CP/M word
processing packages: PerfectWriter and The Final Word. Australian Micro
Computerworld. pp. 49-62.
- Hall, W.P. 1984d. [Word]Perfect is
excellent. Australian PC World. August, pp. 62-69.
- Hall, W.P. 1984e. From
the Editor's console. Computerisation Quarterly. October/December, pp.
- Hall, W.P. 1984f. From the Editor's
console. International Computer Commentaries. October/December: ...
cytogenetics, speciation and evolutionary epistemology
- Chromosome score-card data from William Hall lab, Museum of Comparative
Zoology, Harvard University, 1967-1973. [HTML Table
format. A Microsoft Excel table is available on request]. Note: MCZ Reptile
catalog numbers are provided where voucher specimens were preserved in the
MCZ catalog. Locality data provided is the best available information.
Mexican localities were normally validated against my field notes and
topographic maps. Entries in the table have been transcribed from the
original karyology score card in 2009. As of 25 Sept. 2009, the data for
Sceloporus grammicus complex individuals have not yet been
- Hall, W.P. 2010. Chromosome variation, genomics, speciation and evolution in
Seceloporus lizards. Cytogenetics and Genome Research
- Hall, W.P. 1983. Modes
of speciation and evolution in the sceloporine iguanid lizards. I.
Epistemology of the comparative approach and introduction to the
problem. (in) A.G.J. Rhodin and K. Miyata, eds. Advances in Herpetology
and Evolutionary Biology - Essays in Honor of Ernest E Williams. Museum of
Comparative Zoology, Cambridge Mass. pp.643-679. PDF version; HTML
- Hall, W.P. 1980. Chromosomes,
speciation, and evolution of Mexican iguanid lizards. National
Geographic Society Research Reports, 12: 309-329.
- Hall, W.P. and H.M. Smith.
of the Sceloporus orcutti complex of the Cape Region of Baja
California. Brevioria Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard, No. 452, 26 p.
- Hall, W.P.  . An
Evolutionist in an Epistemological Wonderland: Preface (1979) to Cascades
and Sinks. [Accepted for publication in Evolutionary Theory with minor
revisions, but not completed. Not published. Note: this paper describes
the initial difficulties with my 1977 Hybrid Sinks paper, their basis in
epistemology and the history of science, and formed the basis for my more
complete 1983 paper in the E.E. Williams Festschrift volume.]
- Szymura, J.M,
J.B. Mitton and W.P. Hall . . Population Genetic Analysis of a
Narrow Hybrid Zone Between Bombina bombina L. and B.
variegata L. (Anura; Discoglossidae) In Poland. 85p. [Not
completed:eprint available on
request . Request must specify reasons wanted.]
- Hall, W.P. 1978. Hybrid sinks: The
paradoxical role of narrow hybrid zones as barriers to gene flow in animals
of limited vagility. Abstr., 25th Ann. Meeting, Genetics Society of
- Szymura, J.M.,
J.B. Mitton and W.P. Hall. 1978. Population genetic analysis of a
narrow hybrid zone between the discoglossid anurans Bombina bombina
and B. variegata in Poland. [Poster] Abstr. 25th Ann. Meeting,
Genetics Society of Australia, Canberra.
- Hall, W.P. 1978. Chromosomal variation and modes of speciation in Iguanid
lizards. Abstr. 1978 Ann. Meeting, Australian Society of Herpetologists,
- Hall, W.P. 1978a . Hybrid sinks: a simple
minded model to account for the seemingly paradoxical role of parapatric
hybrid zones as barriers to gene flow in the process of speciation, with
some comments on the inutility of the biological species concept based on
reproductive isolation. Symposium: A day for talking about hybrid zones.
August 30, 1978. Flinders University School of Biological Sciences.
- Gross, L and W.P. Hall. 1978.
Cytosystematics of Australian skinks: A preliminary report. Abstr. 1978
Ann. Meeting, Australian Society of Herpetologists, Mintaro, S.A.
- Hall, W.P. . Cascading
chromosomal speciation and the paradoxical role of contact hybridization as
a barrier to gene flow. Submitted 1977 to Evol. Biology and withdrawn.
Submitted in 1979 to Evolutionary Theory and accepted for publication with
minor changes, but not completed. Widely circulated in its unpublished
form, 91 pp. [Currently prepared for on the Web. Note: Reviewers
consistently failed to understand the logic I used to develop arguments in
this paper, which in turn lead to my research into the epistemology of the
comparative method in evolutionary biology, published in Hall, 1979
and Hall, 1983.]
- Paull, D., E.E.
Williams and W.P. Hall. 1976. Lizard
karyotypes from the Galapagos Islands: chromosomes in phylogeny and
evolution. Breviora Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard, no. 441, 31p. [I wrote
the paper and most of it was based on my work, Paull was listed as first
author for political reasons}.
- Smith, H.M. and T. Alvarez.
1976. Possible intraspecific sympatry in the lizard species
Sceloporus torquatus, and its relationship with S.
cyanogenys. Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. 77: 219-224. [S. t.
mikeprestoni, n. ssp., based on a specimen from my karyology sent to
Smith as an undescribed species.]
- Hall, W.P. and A.
Espinoza-N. 1974. Karyotypes and karyotypic variation in Jamaican
anoles. 2 pp. (in) E.E. Williams (ed.), The Second Anolis
Newsletter, Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard Univ., Cambridge, Mass.
- Smith, H.M. and W.P. Hall.
1974. Contributions to the concepts of reproductive cycles and the
systematics of the scalaris group of the lizard genus
Sceloporus. Great Basin Naturalist 34: 97-104.
- Dasmann, M. and H.M. Smith.
1974. A new sceloporine lizard from Oaxaca, Mexico. Great Basin
Naturalist 34: 231-273. [S. pictus lumped with S.
megalepidurus based on my collections of intergrades. S. m.
halli named after me]
- Hall, W.P. and R.K.
Selander. 1973. Hybridization
of karyotypically differentiated populations in the Sceloporus
grammicus complex (Iguanidae). Evolution 27: 226-242.
- Hall, W.P. 1973. Comparative population
cytogenetics, speciation and evolution of the iguanid lizard genus
Sceloporus. PhD Thesis, Harvard University [linked PDF version - 5,102 KB; HTML version]
- Hall, W.P. 1972a. Chromosome evolution of
the iguanid genus Sceloporus. Herpetol. Rev. 3: 106.
- Hall, W.P. 1972b. Comparative population
cytogenetics and the evolution of Sceloporus, Washington D.C.
meeting of the Herpetologists' League, December, 1972.
T.P., W.P. Hall, and E.E. Williams. 1972. Fission
in the evolution of a lizard karyotype. Science 177: 6111-613.
- Hall, W.P. 1971. Karyotype evolution in the
Sceloporus grammicus species complex (Sauria, Iguanidae). Mammal.
Chromosome Newsl. no. 13, p. 74.
- Hall, W.P.. 1970. Three
probable cases of parthenogenesis in lizards (Agamidae, Chamaeleontidae,
Gekkonidae). Experentia 26: 1271-1273.
- Hall, W.P. 1969. Triploidy and
parthenogenesis in the agamid lizard Leiolepis belliana Gray. Abstr.
49th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Ichthyologists and
Herpetologists, p. 13.
- Hall, W.P.. 1969a. Sibling species of
Sceloporus from the southern end of Baja California. Paper given at
the Annual Meeting of the Herpetologists League, Boston, Mass.
- Hall, W.P. . Is
the Plastid an Endosymbiont. 26 pp. [The manuscript was first submitted
in Hampton L. Carson's Genetics and Evolution course at Washington
University, St. Louis., May 3, 1966. It was revised Summer, 1966, in hopes
of finding a sponsor for its publication. It was shown at the cell biology
meetings in Ames, Iowa, with no result, and has not been updated since. The
1966 MS has now been converted to HTML for publication on the Web. The
paper is historically important because one of the first anywhere to
present comprehensive evidence in support of the theory that the cellular
structure of single-celled algae arose from a symbiotic association between
a non-photosynthetic protozoan and blue-green algae - a thesis that is now
accepted by most biologists but was highly revolutionary when it was first
made famous by Lynn Margulis in her 1968 article in Science (161:1020-2)
and her 1970 book, Origin of Eukaryotic Cells, Yale Univ. Press.
- Hall, W.P. 1965. Preliminary
chromosome studies of some Nevada Test Site lizards. Paper given at the
Annual Meeting of the American Society of Ichthyologists and
Herpetologists, Lawrence, Kansas.
G.A., Hardwick, D.F., Brooks, C.J., Garwood, V.P., Hall, W.P. 1962.
Bone, bone marrow, and brain oxygen. Amer. J. Physiol. 202: 225-231.
WORK IN PROGRESS
Book-length hypertext under the working title: Application
Holy Wars or a New Reformation: a Fugue on the Theory of Knowledge .
combines my backgrounds:
- starting academic life as a physics major with an interest in
astrophysics and engineering (3½ years) and then zoology with an interest
in ecology (another 3½ years),
- professional research, teaching and publishing in biology (general
biology, comparative anatomy, evolution, systematics, genetics and
population biology - 10 years), using and teaching biology students to use
the manual and computerized indexing and information retrieval services
available through major academic research libraries (10 years),
- studying the history and philosophy of science in its concerns with the
growth of scientific knowledge (epistemology and scientific revolutions - 2
- experiencing the revolutionary changes in computer technology (hands on
experience with using in my studies or work all generations of computer
technology from hand-cranked cog-wheel calculators to personal and
super-computers - 45+ years),
- practicing as a technical writer in a software house, bank and defence
industrial environments (20 years),
- implementing some of the world's most sophisticated authoring content
management applications in a defence industry technical writing environment
(13 years working for the Australian company, Tenix Defence and its
predecessors), and learning to use the resources of the World Wide Web (6
The concept of the work is to explore the evolution of human cognition and
the impacts of technological revolutions on cognition as cognitive processes
have been accelerated from those purely depending on neuroanatomy determined by
our genetic inheritance, to the use of tools to assist cognition that have been
transmitted culturally, to technologies that actually extend cognition beyond
our organic capabilities.
During the 2001/2002 holiday period, I took two months accumulated leave to
"finish" the work. I thought the episode on organizational knowledge management
would be easy to write because I had some very firm ideas as to how the subject
should be approached from my decades of experience collecting and managing
knowledge for organization. What I found when I began to dig into the academic
and professional literature on organizational knowledge management proved to be
(for me) a nearly incomprehensible chaos of competing and disjointed paradigms
in epistemology (objective vs personal knowledge), organization theory
(resource view vs environment view), how to analyze knowledge in the
organization (individual view vs social view vs critical and alternative views)
and how organizations create knowledge (cognitivism vs connectionism vs
autopoiesis) amongst others. I clearly could not complete the work as planned
without making enough sense of the differing paradigms so I could compare these
views with my own, and I could not do this without access to a major academic
research library and knowledge management research centre.
In 2002 I joined Monash University's School of Information Management and
Systems as an Honorary Fellow to research the theory of organizational
knowledge management. In 2005 I moved to the University of Melbourne to
continue the work as a National Fellow in the Australian Centre for Science,
Innovation and Society and in the Engineering Learning Unit of the Melbourne
School of Engineering. As I delved deeper into the literature, it became clear
that before the book could be finished that I would have to reinvent both
organization theory and the theory of organizational knowledge. In this work
the application of biological concepts of evolution and cognition to
organizational entities is very much more than just a metaphor.
Organizations clearly have the property of "life" and "cognition" in a way
that transcends the lives of their individual members; and the life sciences
thus help to clarify many aspects of organization that should be of interest to
those who think they manage or own organizations. Many of the ideas and
concepts of the evolution of cognition and organizational biology are not
original with me, and my discoveries of these ideas in my own thinking have
certainly been modified and reshaped as I found them in earlier sources.
However, I believe that I am the first to present them from a genuine
background in evolutionary biology. The intellectual forebears of the
biological approach presented here include the following seminal works:
This work has generated a number of academic papers and presentations (cited
above under "Current research and practice: organizational and individual
knowledge"), with several more major papers in progress. These will have to be
finished before I return to finish the book project..
- Harold Morowitz (1968) Energy Flow in Biology
- Sir Karl Popper (especially Epistemology Without a Knowing Subject, and
Evolution and the Tree of Knowledge, in Popper 1972),
- Thomas Kuhn (1962) The Structure of Scientific Revolutions
- Michael Polanyi (1958, 1967) on personal and tacit knowledge
- Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela (1972, 1987) Autopoiesis and
Cognition; The Tree of Knowledge.
- Leslie Orgel (1973) The Origin of Life: Molecules and Natural Selection
- Sir Stafford Beer (1981) The Brain of the Firm
- Col. John Boyd (1976) Destruction and Creation
- Richard Nelson and Sidney Winter (1982) Evolutionary Theory of Economic
- Stuart Kauffman (1993, 1995) Self Organization and Selection in
Evolution, and Search for the Laws of Self Organization and Complexity
- Henry Plotkin (1994) Darwin Machines and the Nature of Knowledge
- James Martin (1996) Cybercorp
- Georg von Krogh & Johan Roos (1995) Organizational Epistemology
- Eric Chaisson (2001) Cosmic Evolution
- Steven Gould (2002) The Structure of Evolutionary Theory
- Herbert Simon (1955-2002) papers on bounded rationality and theory of
hierarchically complex systems
- Howard Pattee (1968-2008) a multitude of papers on biosemiotics and the
- Stanley Salthe (1985, 1993) Evolving Hierarchical Systems; Development
and Evolution and more recent papers on theory of hierarchically complex